Submitted Date 03/26/2019

On average, the world produces 300 million tons of plastic waste every year. This is an overwhelming amount of unnecessary waste that is going into our oceans, poisoning the earth, and harming animals. Items made from plastic can take hundreds of years to degrade - if they even do so. This means that the plastic we use builds up in landfills and covers the earth when we litter.

It is estimated that over 100,000 marine animals and over 1 million sea birds die each year from plastic related deaths. These numbers only scratch the surface of marine animals dying and does not cover the impact that plastic has on land animals. Animals ingest these plastic items as they do not know it is not suitable as food, and many of them tangled in it and are strangled to death.

Plastic can contain harmful chemicals that seep into the earth and pollute the soil and water sources for both humans and animals. If burned, it can also release toxins into the air which, over time, can harm the body and create medical issues.

Some people have begun the fight against having plastic shopping bags in grocery and other stores. And while this is a just cause to fight for, I can't help but wonder if we think about all the other types of plastics that are in our markets. And how many of these items do we not think about or notice?

Toothpaste tubes, water bottles, notebooks, dishes, decorative pieces, fake Christmas trees, ornaments, whole fruits and veggies, plastic stickers on produce, chip bags that are far to large for the amount of food, bags for a single doughnut, individually wrapped chocolates - the list can go on and on. It seems that everywhere you look in a store, there is item after item that is plastic made or wrapped.

Being as plastic free as possible can certainly be a challenge in today's world. But if the world has been plastic free for centuries, can it not be done once again? It may be an "inconvenience" in the beginning. But, over time, it will get easier to find plastic substitutes.

Thankfully, there are alternatives to using plastic that we should all consider and start using. Paper bags are just as usable as plastic. They are sturdy and most importantly, biodegradable. Glass jars or containers are re-usable and washable therefore making them great storage containers. Cardboard boxes are great for storage as well. And if they wear down over time, they are biodegradable and not harmful to the environment. Other items that can be used in place of their plastic counterparts are wooden dishes, cloth shopping bags, clothing made with natural fibers, wicker baskets, stainless steel containers, wool carpets, and real wood floors. A quick Google search can provide many more ideas to replace the plastic items in your life.

We may never be able to eradicate all the plastic that we as humankind have already created. But, as a new generation, we can choose to not continue on the legacy of harming our earth with these unneeded substances.

This is not only caring about the environment in the here and now, but also looking out for our future generations. Will they live in a land that is dying because of our irresponsibility?
We must take a stand against the harming of earth and all her creatures. In this battle against plastic waste, one seemingly small step for each person becomes giant progress for the nations of the world.

Works Consulted:
David Azoulay (CIEL), Priscilla Villa (Earthworks), Yvette Arellano (TEJAS), Miriam Gordon (UPSTREAM), Doun Moon (GAIA), and Kathryn Miller and Kristen Thompson (Exeter University). (2019). Plastic & Health-The Hidden Costs Of A Plastic Planet. Center for International Environmental Law. Retrieved from
Cristina Castillo. (2018). Marine Plastics. Smithsonian Ocean. Retrieved from
Hannah Ritchie and Max Roser. (2018). Plastic Pollution. Our World in Data. Retrieved from
Hannah Ritchie. (2018). FAQs on Plastics. Our World in Data. Retrieved from
Information About Sea Turtles: Threats from Marine Debris. (n.d.). Sea Turtle Conservancy. Retrieved from

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  • Nina Appasamy 1 year ago

    This is an interesting and very important piece. I absolutely agree that humans need to reduce our use of plastic. The only suggestions I have are to cite sources for the statistics that you use and to include more information on alternative, biodegradable materials. The most effective papers and arguments are those that include sources to back up their claims and which include specific examples of different ways to adhere to the argument. Otherwise, this is a good piece, and one that covers a very important current issue.

    • Ellen Gibson 1 year ago

      You are completely correct. Thank you for your input and I will correct the needed items.

  • Tomas Chough 1 year ago

    Sometimes we're so caught up in our day to day lives that we completely forget about this. Caring for our planet is a super important issue that we don't talk about enough. Or maybe we talk a lot about and don't act on enough. Changing small habits and paying more attention in our own lives is a simple way to start. Thanks a lot for sharing this. Great advice!

  • Miranda Fotia 1 year ago

    Such an important topic! Great piece!